Oklahoma State Capitol, Oklahoma

The road to the state of Oklahoma was wet and the continuous rain caused a flood in a river on the freeway. Fortunately, it stopped and we were able to go out and enjoy the cold wind. So the rain subsided for a bit but the weather was still gloomy and Deelow, Corvo and I were on our next adventure. We just finished the museum so we headed to the capitol and we managed to find parking. I was eager to enter but remembering we have Corvo we decided to just walk around the grounds. The first sight we saw was a tower with a piece of information, how Oklahoma became known for.

Oklahoma City Oil Field

“Oklahoma City, oil and gas field. Discover well brought in December 4, 1928. Approximately 6 miles southeast of this marker. From such beginning, sprawling Oklahoma City oil and gas field became one of the worlds major oil producing areas. Ranking 8 in the nation during first 40 years of existence. In this time, the field yielded 733,000 barrels of oil.

Discovery and development of Oklahoma City, oil field added great stability to economy of both Oklahoma City and the state itself. It provided financial incentive for cultural and industrial progress.

In tapping prolific Wilcox producing zone March 25, 1940. Mary Sudik no. 1 well blew “wild” for more than 11 days thereby one well in the world. The rapid development of field and problems created thereby sparked passage of first comprehensive state legislation for the conservation of oil and gas. Thus, providing model statutes for other states to follow.

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State Capitol and Oil Tower

To reach the oil reserves underlying Oklahoma State Capitol building, one well was slant drilled from across the street to oil sands beneath the capitol. Discovery well and wild Mary Sudik, were both drilled by Indian territory.”

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Oklahoma State Capitol

It’s nice to see this monument dedicated to what the state of Oklahoma was but at the same time, we felt the sense of unfairness and discrimination for along the path to the capitol another monument to what Oklahoma is greeted us.

As Long as the Waters Flow

As Long as the Waters Flow is a 1989 bronze sculpture by Allan Houser,  and installed outside the Oklahoma State Capitol. The statue, which depicts a Native American woman, was dedicated in 1989. The artist Allan Houser (Haozous), a Chiricahua Apache born near Apache, Oklahoma on June 30, 1914. He was the son of Sam and Blossom Haozous.

We continue walking because nearby was another statue dedicated to the other group who helped mold this state.

Tribute to Range Riders

A  bronze sculpture by Constance Whitney Warren, installed outside the state capitol. The statue depicts a cowboy riding a bucking horse. A brief background about the sculptor. “She was born in New York City to George Henry Warren II (1855-1943) and Georgia “Daisy” Williams (1863-1937). In 1912, at St Patrick’s Cathedral, she married Count Guy de Lasteyrie, son of the Marquis de Lasteyrie and a descendant of Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette. She died in 1948, aged 60, but little is known of her later life.

So now we covered the three hearts of the state let us talk about the state capitol. Since I didn’t went inside we all have to rely on the history and pictures from various websites which I put the link at the end.

Oklahoma State Capitol

“Oklahoma’s territorial capital and first state capital was located in the city of Guthrie. The settlement of the first state capital began at noon on April 22, 1889, when cannons sounded the start of the Oklahoma land run. The town was designated as the territorial capital in 1890.

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Vintage photo of the capitol

State government officials let voters decide on whether or not to move the capital to Oklahoma City. On June 11, 1910, the state seal was taken from Guthrie and moved south to Oklahoma City, where the Oklahoma State Capitol is located today. Lee Cruce, the second Governor of Oklahoma, commissioned the architectural construction of the present-day structure. Prior to its construction, state government offices were housed in the Huckins Hotel in downtown Oklahoma City.

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in front of the statue

Construction on the Oklahoma State Capitol began after a groundbreaking ceremony on July 20, 1914. Architects Soloman Andrew Layton and S. Wemyss-Smith were paid $75,000 to develop the architectural plans, while James Stewart & Company received the construction contract.

The building’s exterior is constructed mainly of Indiana limestone, with a base of local Oklahoma pink granite, and Oklahoma black granite for the grand staircase. The interior prominently features marble as well as fixtures from a variety of sources. While original plans called for a dome, it was omitted due to cost overruns discovered in 1915 when the original $1.5 million appropriated by the Oklahoma Legislature proved insufficient. The building was, however, designed to support a dome. The building was completed on June 30, 1917.

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Oklahoma Capitol and the Oil Tower

Earthquake damage

In 1952, a 5.5-magnitude earthquake near El Reno caused several cracks to materialize in walls and ceilings of the Capitol, including one crack measuring about 50 feet in length.

Expansion and change (1998–present)

In 1998, state legislators and the governor enacted legislation to create the Oklahoma Centennial Act, which formed the Oklahoma Capitol Complex and Centennial Commemoration Commission. The commission worked to fund a dome, which was in the initial plans in 1914, for the Oklahoma State Capitol and construction of the dome began in 2001 and was completed in 2002. It included a 22 feet (6.7 m) bronze sculpture called The Guardian.

 During exterior restoration work in 2014, engineers discovered significant cracks in the precast panels that comprise the dome, but not in any of the supports, contrary to what some think. The building was designed and built to support the dome. When the Layton and Smith firm (the firm selected to design the building) presented its preliminary drawings to the commission in 1914, the plans did not include a dome. However, the building was designed to allow for a weighty dome to adorn the central square rotunda. The original commission was split on the desirability of the dome due to the high cost, and as completed, the capitol was not dome”

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State Capitol

I copy and paste word for word from Wikipedia, I know the source it’s not reliable but as I mentioned before I put some links which gave more details about the capitol itself. This one was a concise history and information. It started sprinkling again so we all went back to the car and head to our next destination. The visit was brief but it was nice to see the capitol in person and some of the monuments surrounding it.

Here are the links for more information:

https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=OK080

https://www.okhistory.org/research/capitol100

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/As_Long_as_the_Waters_Flow

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constance_Whitney_Warren

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Say Cheez!

 

 

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